systems-08-00041.pdf (1.05 MB)

Realizing the role of permissioned blockchains in a systems engineering lifecycle

Download (1.05 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 04.11.2020, 15:28 by Demetrios Joannou, Roy Kalawsky, Miguel Martinez-Garcia, Chris Fowler, Kevin Fowler
A key requirement for an integrated digital tool chain is secure access and control of data assets. Not all stakeholders will have the same access to or control over the flow of information, some will be able to input or change data whilst others will only be able to read the data. Simply providing secure access protocols is not sufficient because copied data can quickly become disassociated and modified from its original instantiation, leading to its reuse elsewhere or later in the lifecycle but in an inappropriate way. Therefore, data management mechanisms are required that capture information about the data along with any decisions or modifications it has undergone during the course of its life, thus providing complete traceability for later validation purposes. This undertaking is essential across the systems engineering lifecycle. This pursuit involves controlling who can access and modify data within the lifecycle. This paper describes a solution to this by the introduction of blockchain technology, a relatively new technology that allows digital information to be distributed but not copied, making it an immutable set of time-stamped data managed by a network of connected systems and services. Though blockchain technology is not commonly referred to when discussing Industry 4.0, the technology’s capabilities should add value when applied in a context of data management and security within the lifecycle of a product or services and in conjunction with digital twins, big data, and IoT. This paper describes how permissioned blockchains can be implemented within a systems engineering lifecycle, providing example architecture patterns showing how data provenance can be maintained throughout.

Funding

This research was supported in part by the Royal Academy of Engineering and Airbus under Grants RCSRF1819\7\14 and REA1819\2\18.

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Department

  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

Systems

Volume

8

Issue

4

Publisher

MDPI AG

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

29/10/2020

Publication date

2020-11-03

Copyright date

2020

ISSN

2079-8954

eISSN

2079-8954

Language

en

Depositor

Mr Demetrios Joannou. Deposit date: 3 November 2020

Article number

41

Licence

Exports