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Rotator cuff repair augmentation using osteoinductive growth factors

journal contribution
posted on 29.01.2019 by Rhea S. Menon, Nicholas M. Wragg, Sammy Wilson
Rotator cuff injuries (RCIs) present a major health problem due to high incidences of degenerative tears greater than 3 cm and prevalence of re-tears following surgical procedures. Since healing and functional restoration relies upon bone ingrowth into the tendon, it is hypothesised that sustained delivery of osteoinductive factors including bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), specifically BMP2–7, may significantly improve RCI tendon-bone healing. Here, growth factor candidates and delivery mechanisms are reviewed, specifically for improved RCI healing through enhanced bone ingrowth. In addition to BMPs, other potentially osteogenic factors including platelet-derived growth factors (PDGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), transforming growth beta isoforms (TGF-β1 and TGF-3) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) are evaluated since they can induce bone formation at the healing tendon attachment site. Several challenges must be addressed prior to clinical translation. The majority of published studies utilise in vivo animal models. In general, BMP-7 demonstrates a stronger stimulating effect when compared to BMP-2; the reported effectiveness of BMP-2 is often conflicting. Alternative factors, including PDGF and PTH, also demonstrate potential for assisting bone growth in enthesis healing. The use of sustained and biomimetic delivery systems appears to have the greatest positive effects. Some studies have demonstrated a dose-dependent effect, in conjunction with varying age, indicating that stratified therapies could be a viable solution for RCI healing. To adequately resolve potential treatments for RCI, further expanded and correlated animal trials must be undertaken, and indicative human trials are required with consideration of surgical and patient-specific influences.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine

Volume

1

Issue

1

Pages

1 - 10 (10)

Citation

MENON, R.S., WRAGG, N.M. and WILSON, S.L., 2019. Rotator cuff repair augmentation using osteoinductive growth factors. SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine, 1 (4), pp.267–276.

Publisher

© The Authors. Published by Springer International Publishing

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Acceptance date

08/01/2019

Publication date

2019

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Springer under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

eISSN

2523-8973

Language

en

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