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Sedentary behaviour and diet across the lifespan: an updated systematic review

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journal contribution
posted on 11.02.2016 by Matthew Hobbs, Natalie Pearson, Perry J. Foster, Stuart J.H. Biddle
Background Sedentary behaviour and its association with dietary intake in young people and adults are important topics and were systematically reviewed in 2011. There is a need to update this evidence given the changing nature of sedentary behaviour and continued interest in this field. This review aims to assist researchers in better interpreting the diversity of findings concerning sedentary behaviour and weight status. Objective To provide an update of the associations between sedentary behaviour and dietary intake across the lifespan. Methods Electronic databases searched were MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Science Direct for publications between January 2010 and October 2013, thus updating a previous review. Included were observational studies assessing an association between at least one sedentary behaviour and at least one aspect of dietary intake in preschool children (<5 years), school-aged children (6–11 years), adolescents (12–18 years) and adults (>18 years). Results 27 papers met inclusion criteria (preschool k=3, school-aged children k=9, adolescents k=15, adults k=3). For all three groups of young people, trends were evident for higher levels of sedentary behaviour, especially TV viewing, to be associated with a less healthful diet, such as less fruit and vegetable and greater consumption of energy-dense snacks and sugar sweetened beverages. Data for the three studies with adults were less conclusive. Conclusions Sedentary behaviour continues to be associated with unhealthy diet in young people in mostly cross-sectional studies. More studies utilising a prospective design are needed to corroborate findings and more studies are needed with adults.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

British Journal of Sports Medicine

Volume

49

Issue

18

Pages

1179 - 1188

Citation

HOBBS. M. ...et al., 2015. Sedentary behaviour and diet across the lifespan: an updated systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(18), pp. 1179-1188.

Publisher

©The Authors. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group

Version

SMUR (Submitted Manuscript Under Review)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2015

Notes

This paper has been submitted for Publication i the journal British Journal of Sports Medicine and the definitive version can be found here: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-093754

ISSN

0306-3674

eISSN

1473-0480

Language

en

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