Single-walled carbon nanotubes enhance the efficiency and stability of mesoscopic perovskite solar cells
journal contributionposted on 08.06.2017 by Munkhbayar Batmunkh, C.J. Shearer, Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Mark Biggs, J.G. Shapter
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Carbon nanotubes are 1D nanocarbons with excellent properties and have been extensively used in various electronic and optoelectronic device applications including solar cells. Herein, we report a significant enhancement in the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by employing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in the mesoporous photoelectrode. It was found that SWCNTs provide both rapid electron transfer and advantageously shifts the conduction band minimum of the TiO2 photoelectrode and thus enhances all photovoltaic parameters of PSCs. The TiO2-SWCNTs photoelectrode based PSC device exhibited a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 16.11%, while the device fabricated without SWCNTs displayed an efficiency of 13.53%. More importantly, we found that the SWCNTs in the TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) based photoelectrode suppress the hysteresis behavior and significantly enhance both the light and long-term storage stability of the PSC devices. The present work provides important guidance for future investigations in utilizing carbonaceous materials for solar cells.
Munkhbayar Batmunkh acknowledges International Postgraduate Research Scholarship (IPRS) and Australian Postgraduate Award (APA) for financial support during his study in Australia. The support of the Australian Research Council Discovery Program (DP130101714, DP150101354, and DP160101301) is gratefully acknowledged.