Spectra of low-frequency ground vibrations generated by high-speed trains on layered ground
journal contributionposted on 05.07.2012 by Victor V. Krylov
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Increase in speeds of modern railway trains is usually accompanied by higher levels of generated ground vibrations. In the author's earlier paper [V.V Kryloy Applied Acoustics, 44, 149-164 (1995)1, it has been shown that especially large increase in vibration level may occur if train speeds v exceed the velocity of Rayleigh surface waves in the ground c*., i.e., v ) cn Such a situation might arise, for example, with French TGV trains for which speeds over 515 krnlh have been achieved. The present paper investigates the effect of geological layered structure of the ground on ground vibrations generated by high-speed trains. It is shown that, since Rayleigh wave velocities in layered ground are dispersive and normally increase at lower frequencies associated with deeper penetration of surface wqve energy into the ground, the trans- Rayleigh condition v ) cRmay not hold at very low frequencies. This will cause a noticeable reduction in low-frequency components of generated ground vibration spectra. Theoretical results are illustrated by numerically calculated frequency spectra of ground vibrations generated by single axle loads travelling at dffirent speeds and by TGV or Eurostar high-speed trains.
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering