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The correlates of sports participation in Europe

journal contribution
posted on 16.03.2017 by Paul Downward, Fernando Lera-Lopez, Simona Rasciute
Based on the Eurobarometer data from 2009 (N = 26,788), this paper investigates the correlates of sports participation. In addition to examining standard socio-demographic, economic and lifestyle factors, the paper also focuses on the impact of motivational factors, the availability of sports infrastructure and government support, for the first time collectively at the European level. A further contribution of the paper is that it simultaneously investigates both the decision to participate in sport and the frequency of sports participation in this context. This is made possible through the application of a Zero-Inflated Ordered Probit estimator. This estimator also takes into account two types of non-participants: those who have never participated in sport and those who did not participate at the time of the survey. The results show that the decision to participate in sports and the frequency of sports participation of males and females are affected by different factors, therefore distinct government policies should be applied to attract new, and retain the existing, participants. For example, women are affected more by a need to improve self-esteem, while the men to produce social integration. The provision of sports facilities is of more importance for males, which may indicate a male-oriented nature of the sports facilities, for example, the gym. However, the number of adults and the number of children in the household reduce the probability of sports participation by females. Therefore, higher provision of childcare may be important if female participation is to be increased.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

European Journal of Sport Science

Volume

14

Issue

6

Pages

592 - 602

Citation

DOWNWARD, P., LERA-LOPEZ, F. and RASCIUTE, S., 2014. The correlates of sports participation in Europe. European Journal of Sport Science, 14 (6), pp.592-602.

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (© European College of Sport Science)

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

Closed access.

ISSN

1746-1391

eISSN

1536-7290

Language

en

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