Walton, Haycraft et al., 19 - The Family Mealtime Observation Study (FaMOS) - Family Functioning, Mothers’ and Fathers’ Food Parenting Practices and Children’s Nutrition Risk.pdf (256.19 kB)
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The family mealtime observation study (FaMOS): Exploring the role of family functioning in the association between mothers' and fathers' food parenting practices and children's nutrition risk

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posted on 15.04.2019 by Kathryn Walton, Emma Haycraft, Kira Jewell, Andrea Breen, Janis Randall Simpson, Jess Haines
This cross-sectional study explores associations between mothers' and fathers' food parenting practices and children's nutrition risk, while examining whether family functioning modifies or confounds the association. Home observations assessed parents' food parenting practices during dinnertime (n = 73 families with preschoolers). Children's nutrition risk was calculated using NutriSTEP®. Linear regression models examined associations between food parenting practices and NutriSTEP® scores. An interaction term (family functioning × food parenting practice) explored effect modification; models were adjusted for family functioning to explore confounding. Among mothers, more frequent physical food restriction was associated with higher nutrition risk in their children (β = 0.40 NutriSTEP® points, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) = 2.30, 7.58) and among both mothers and fathers, positive comments about the target child's food were associated with lower nutrition risk (mothers: β = -0.31 NutriSTEP® points, 95% CI = -0.54, -0.08; fathers: β = -0.27 NutriSTEP® points, 95% CI = -0.75, -0.01) in models adjusted for parent education and child Body Mass Index (BMI) z-score. Family functioning did not modify these associations and they remained significant after adjustment for family functioning. Helping parents to use positive encouragement rather than restriction may help to reduce their children's nutrition risk.

Funding

Funding for the Family Mealtime Observation Study (FaMOS) was provided by the Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research (CFDR).

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Nutrients

Volume

11

Issue

3

Citation

WALTON, K. ... et al, 2019. The family mealtime observation study (FaMOS): Exploring the role of family functioning in the association between mothers' and fathers' food parenting practices and children's nutrition risk. Nutrients, 11 (3), 630.

Publisher

MDPI © The Authors

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Acceptance date

11/03/2019

Publication date

2019-03-15

Notes

This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

eISSN

2072-6643

Language

en

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