Thermal analysis of an oil jet-dry sump transmission gear under mixed-elastohydrodynamic conditions
Improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions are key drivers for modern drivetrain systems. Therefore, in recent years, dry sumps with air-oil mist lubrication have been used for efficient transmission design in order to reduce the churning losses. With dry sumps appropriate cooling measures should be implemented to dissipate the generated contact heat in an efficient manner. This paper integrates a tribological model with three dimensional thermofluid analysis in order to predict the heat generated in the lubricated meshing gear contacts and its dissipation rate by an impinging oil jet in air-oil mist environment. Such an approach has not hitherto been reported in literature. The results show that the generated heat under realistic conditions cannot be entirely dissipated by the impinging oil jet in the air-oil mist transmission casing. Numerical results are used to derive extrapolated regressed equations for heat transfer purposes for time-efficient analysis. These conform well with the detailed numerical results.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering