Underlying inflammation has no impact on the oxidative stress response to acute mental stress
journal contributionposted on 01.11.2017 by Alex Wadley, Jet J.C.S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Nicola Paine, Mark T. Drayson, Sarah Aldred
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Introduction: Mental stress is considered to be a trigger for acute myocardial infarction (MI), with inflammation thought to provide a mechanism. Inflammation is reciprocally linked to oxidative stress, which h as also been implicated in MI. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of experimentally-induced inflammation on the oxidative stress response to mental stress in healthy participants. Methods: Healthy males undertook one of two inflammatory stimuli: typhoid vaccination (Vaccination paradigm, N= 17) or eccentric exercise (Eccentric exercise paradigm, N= 17). All participants completed a mental arithmetic stress task twice (within-subject design): 6. h after the inflammatory stimulus, and during a control non-inflammation condition. Blood samples were taken before, immediately and 30. min after the stress task. Plasma was assessed for interleukin-6 (IL-6), protein carbonyls (PC), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and nitric oxide metabolites (NOx). Results: Vaccination paradigm: IL-6, PC and NOx were significantly higher in the vaccination condition, relative to the control condition (p < .05). PC, TAC, LOOH and NOx were unchanged in response to mental stress in both the vaccination and control conditions. Eccentric Exercise paradigm: IL-6 and TAC were significantly higher in the eccentric exercise condition (p < .05), relative to the control condition. PC, TAC and NOx were unchanged in response to mental stress in both the eccentric exercise and control conditions. Conclusions: Two different inflammatory paradigms were successful in increasing selective plasma markers of inflammation and oxidative stress prior to a mental stress task. However, experimentally induced transient inflammation had no impact on mental stress-induced changes in plasma LOOH, PC, TAC or NOx in young healthy participants.
University of Birmingham.
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences