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VAT rebates as trade policy: Evidence from China
Value-added tax (VAT) rebates are a commonly used export-promoting policy. This paper exploits China’s frequent adjustments of VAT rebates and large-scale data on export transactions to estimate the effects of VAT rebates on exports. Our differencein-differences estimations show that the negative adjustments of VAT rebates in our sample period significantly reduce export value and quantity by 15.30% and 19.75%, respectively. This shows that the trade policy of VAT rebates is very effective. We also find that the effect of VAT rebates on exports operating through extensive margins is larger than the effect through intensive margins. Moreover, we find that the passthrough of VAT rebates to importers is around 47%.
Economic and Social Research Council
- Business and Economics