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'Beyond Jack and Jill': designing for individuals using HADRIAN

journal contribution
posted on 30.06.2015, 08:29 by J. Mark Porter, Keith Case, Russell Marshall, Diane Gyi, Ruth Sims
In order to support the practice of ‘design for all’within the design community two key areas have been identified that are critical to success. The first is the provision of accurate and relevant data on the target users, in this case people of all shapes, sizes, ages and abilities. The second is the efficient and effective support in the use of these data during concept generation and product development. A database of individual people was created including their 3D anthropometry and functional abilities. Data sets for individuals are kept intact, a radical departure from the traditional approach which involves effectively ‘dismembering’people to create tables of percentiles for every dimension of interest. This database is accessed by HADRIAN, our CAD-based design tool, which is integrated with the SAMMIE CAD human modelling system. Using this system, proposed designs of products or services can be automatically evaluated for each individual in the database, based upon criteria set by the designer (e.g. access, reach, vision, mobility and strength). The tool can identify which individuals will be ‘designed in’or ‘designed out’and can support the designer in modifying the proposed design to achieve a greater percentage of people accommodated.

Funding

This research project was entitled ‘A design tool for the multivariate estimation of percentage accommodated’ and was funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) through its EQUAL Initiative (Extending Quality Life).

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS

Volume

33

Issue

3

Pages

249 - 264 (16)

Citation

PORTER, J.M. ... et al, 2004. 'Beyond Jack and Jill': designing for individuals using HADRIAN. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 33 (3), pp.249-264

Publisher

© Elsevier B.V.

Version

NA (Not Applicable or Unknown)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2004

Notes

This paper is closed access.

ISSN

0169-8141

Language

en

Location

Buffalo, NY

Exports