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2-kV_Thyristor_Triggered_in_Impact-Ionization_Wave_Mode_by_a_Solid-State_Spiral_Generator.pdf (2.61 MB)

2-kV thyristor triggered in impact-ionization wave mode by a solid-state spiral generator

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posted on 2022-10-19, 11:16 authored by Ivan Lavrinovich, Anton I. Gusev, Simon Bland, Antoine Silvestre de Ferron, Laurent Pecastaing, Susan Parker, Jiaqi Yan, Bucur NovacBucur Novac

Impact-ionization wave triggering of a thyristor enables it to switch significantly higher currents with much faster rise times (d I /d t ) than through conventional triggering; indeed tests on commercial components demonstrate that both current and d I /d t can be increased an order of magnitude over their specified datasheet values by utilizing impact ionization. However, creating an impact ionization wave places stringent requirements on the generator used to trigger the thyristor—particularly the trigger pulse must have a voltage rise rate (d V /d t ) of more than 1 kV/ns and an amplitude over twice the thyristors static breakdown voltage. Given the capacitance of a thyristor is relatively large, often hundreds of pF, this is difficult to achieve with many common triggering methods. In this study, we present a bespoke, cost-effective, trigger generator that has been developed based on spiral/vector inversion techniques coupled to an optimized sharpening circuit. Using this generator, both a 2-kV single thyristor and a 4-kV stack of two thyristors in series were triggered in the impact-ionization mode. The thyristors had a wafer diameter of 32 mm and capacitances of 370 pF. With a single thyristor 100 shots were performed with it switching a peak current of 1.25 kA and an associated d I /d t of 12 kA/ μ s. With two thyristors, peak currents of 2.6 kA and with d I /d t of 25 kA/ μ s were achieved. In all experiments no degradation of the semiconductor structure was observed. The work opens the way for developing very powerful, but still compact, solid-state trigger generators and larger pulsers for a wide range of pulsed power applications. 

Funding

“Investissements d’Avenir” French Program under the framework of Energy and Environment Solutions (E2S) Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour (UPPA) (Pulsed Power Applications (PULPA) Chair and Solid-State Pulsed Power (S2P2) Chair) managed by Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) under Grant ANR-16-IDEX-0002

Imperial College Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Impact Acceleration Account

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

Volume

50

Issue

10

Pages

3443-3451

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© IEEE

Publisher statement

© 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Acceptance date

2022-06-23

Publication date

2022-07-13

Copyright date

2022

ISSN

0093-3813

eISSN

1939-9375

Language

  • en

Depositor

Prof Bucur Novac. Deposit date: 17 October 2022

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