Murphy et al 2018 CP - A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the Island of Ireland (1711-2016).pdf (9.17 MB)
0/0

A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016)

Download (9.17 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 03.05.2018 by Conor Murphy, Ciaran Broderick, Timothy P. Burt, Mary Curley, Catriona Duffy, Julia Hall, Shaun Harrigan, Tom Matthews, Neil Macdonald, Gerard McCarthy, Mark P. McCarthy, Donal Mullan, Simon Noone, Timothy J. Osborn, Ciara Ryan, John Sweeney, Peter W. Thorne, Seamus Walsh, Robert Wilby
© 2018 Copernicus. All Rights Reserved. A continuous 305-year (1711-2016) monthly rainfall series (IoI-1711) is created for the Island of Ireland. The post 1850 series draws on an existing quality assured rainfall network for Ireland, while pre-1850 values come from instrumental and documentary series compiled, but not published by the UK Met Office. The series is evaluated by comparison with independent long-term observations and reconstructions of precipitation, temperature and circulation indices from across the British-Irish Isles. Strong decadal consistency of IoI-1711 with other long-term observations is evident throughout the annual, boreal spring and autumn series. Annually, the most recent decade (2006-2015) is found to be the wettest in over 300 years. The winter series is probably too dry between the 1740s and 1780s, but strong consistency with other long-term observations strengthens confidence from 1790 onwards. The IoI-1711 series has remarkably wet winters during the 1730s, concurrent with a period of strong westerly airflow, glacial advance throughout Scandinavia and near unprecedented warmth in the Central England Temperature record - all consistent with a strongly positive phase of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Unusually wet summers occurred in the 1750s, consistent with proxy (tree-ring) reconstructions of summer precipitation in the region. Our analysis shows that inter-decadal variability of precipitation is much larger than previously thought, while relationships with key modes of climate variability are time-variant. The IoI-1711 series reveals statistically significant multi-centennial trends in winter (increasing) and summer (decreasing) seasonal precipitation. However, given uncertainties in the early winter record, the former finding should be regarded as tentative. The derived record, one of the longest continuous series in Europe, offers valuable insights for understanding multi-decadal and centennial rainfall variability in Ireland, and provides a firm basis for benchmarking other long-term records and reconstructions of past climate. Correlation of Irish rainfall with other parts of Europe increases the utility of the series for understanding historical climate in further regions.

Funding

Conor Murphy was funded by the Irish Environmental Protection Agency under grant no. 2014-CCRP-MS.16.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Published in

Climate of the Past

Volume

14

Issue

3

Pages

413 - 440

Citation

MURPHY, C. ...et al., 2018. A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711-2016). Climate of the Past, 14(3), pp. 413-440.

Publisher

© The Authors. Published by Published by Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Acceptance date

16/02/2018

Publication date

2018

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Copenicus Publications under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

ISSN

1814-9324

eISSN

1814-9332

Language

en

Licence

Exports

Logo branding

Keyword(s)

Licence

Exports