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A circularity indicator tool for measuring the ecological embeddedness of manufacturing

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journal contribution
posted on 09.08.2021, 12:44 authored by Hana Trollman, James ColwillJames Colwill, Sandeep Jagtap
Circularity in manufacturing is critical to reducing raw material usage and waste. Ecological embeddedness examines circular relationships intended to benefit both economic actors and the natural environment. By understanding circular relationships in the value chain, manufacturers can formulate strategies that are eco-effective. This work develops and validates an original circularity tool to measure the ecological embeddedness of manufacturers using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The tool is tested on process manufacturers selling products in the United Kingdom. The three main results are that the tool is useful and comprehensive (87% of users), enables simple comparisons with competitors, and identifies weaknesses in strategies related to the five dimensions connecting manufacturers, consumers, and the environment: understanding, realising, utilising, negotiating, and reclaiming. Manufacturers may use the tool to improve their ecological embeddedness, and sector-based circularity levels may be established for policy development. The novelty of the tool is in the use of ecological relationships to support achievement of a circular economy.

Funding

EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Food, EP/K030957/1

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Sustainability

Volume

13

Issue

16

Publisher

MDPI

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

02/08/2021

Publication date

2021-08-05

Copyright date

2021

eISSN

2071-1050

Language

en

Depositor

Mrs Hana Trollman. Deposit date: 5 August 2021

Article number

8773