A few-shot learning-based Siamese capsule network for intrusion detection with imbalanced training data
journal contributionposted on 14.09.2021, 15:11 by Zu-Min Wang, Ji-Yu Tian, Jing Qin, Hui FangHui Fang, Li-Ming Chen
Network intrusion detection remains one of the major challenges in cybersecurity. In recent years, many machine-learning-based methods have been designed to capture the dynamic and complex intrusion patterns to improve the performance of intrusion detection systems. However, two issues, including imbalanced training data and new unknown attacks, still hinder the development of a reliable network intrusion detection system. In this paper, we propose a novel few-shot learning-based Siamese capsule network to tackle the scarcity of abnormal network traffic training data and enhance the detection of unknown attacks. In specific, the well-designed deep learning network excels at capturing dynamic relationships across traffic features. In addition, an unsupervised subtype sampling scheme is seamlessly integrated with the Siamese network to improve the detection of network intrusion attacks under the circumstance of imbalanced training data. Experimental results have demonstrated that the metric learning framework is more suitable to extract subtle and distinctive features to identify both known and unknown attacks after the sampling scheme compared to other supervised learning methods. Compared to the state-of-the-art methods, our proposed method achieves superior performance to effectively detect both types of attacks.
Youth Fund Project of the National Nature Fund of China under grant 62002038
- Computer Science