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A methodology to investigate the relationship between lower-limb dynamics and shoe stiffness using custom-built footwear
journal contributionposted on 07.11.2011, 14:48 authored by Daniel Toon, Andrea M. Vinet, Matthew T.G. Pain, Michael P. Caine
It has been demonstrated that, by varying the mechanical properties of footwear, the sprinting performance can be improved. It has been hypothesized that, for maximal performance, tuning the shoe stiffness to the requirements of the athlete is necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using sprint shoes constructed with selectivelaser- sintered Nylon 12 sole units for sprint-related jump tasks and to examine whether adaptations to the mechanical properties of the footwear were sufficient to elicit changes to lower-limb dynamics during athletic performance. An internationally competitive sprinter completed sprint-related jump metrics in various selective-laser-sintered shoes with bending stiffnesses of 9N, 24.5 N, and 38N in flexion and 7.4 N, 14.7 N, and 26.1N in extension. The participant performed best in the medium-stiffness shoe for squat jumps and the maximumstiffness shoe for bounce drop jumps. This investigation has demonstrated that selective laser sintering can produce high-integrity footwear with markedly different mechanical properties. Such footwear, coupled with an appropriate test method, has been shown to be suitable for investigating the relationship between lower-limb dynamics and shoe stiffness.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering