Kingsnorth et al. 2022.pdf (3.41 MB)
A more intense examination of the intensity of physical activity in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Insights from threshold-free markers of activity intensity
journal contributionposted on 2022-10-27, 13:29 authored by Andrew P Kingsnorth, Alex V Rowlands, Benjamin D Maylor, Lauren SherarLauren Sherar, Michael C Steiner, Mike D Morgan, Sally J Singh, Dale EsligerDale Esliger, Mark W Orme
Physical activity (PA) intensity of people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is typically evaluated using intensity thresholds developed in younger, healthier populations with greater exercise capacity and free from respiratory symptoms. This study therefore compared (i) PA differences between COPD and non-COPD controls using both traditional intensity thresholds and threshold-free metrics that represent the volume and intensity of the whole PA profile, and (ii) explored the influence of exercise capacity on observed differences. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), average acceleration (proxy for volume, mg) and intensity distribution of activity were calculated for 76 individuals with COPD and 154 non-COPD controls from wrist-worn ActiGraph accelerometry. PA profiles representing the minimum intensity (acceleration, mg) during the most active accumulated 5–960 min were plotted. Estimated VO2peak and relative intensity were derived from the incremental shuttle walk test distance. Compared to the non-COPD control group, individuals with COPD recorded fewer MVPA minutes (59 vs. 83 min/day), lower overall waking activity (29.1 vs. 36.4 mg) and a poorer waking intensity distribution (−2.73 vs. −2.57). Individuals with COPD also recorded a lower absolute intensity (acceleration, mg) for their most active 5–960 min, but higher intensity relative to their estimated exercise capacity derived from the ISWT. People with COPD have a lower volume and absolute intensity of PA than controls but perform PA at a higher relative intensity. There is a need to move away from absolute intensity thresholds, and towards personalised or relative-intensity thresholds, to reflect reduced exercise capacity in COPD populations.
Department of Health, UK
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
- VoR (Version of Record)
Rights holder© The authors
Publisher statementThis article is an Open Access article published by MDPI and distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).