2018 submitted accepted version ITB model (Davoodi et al).pdf (1.48 MB)
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A new individualized thermoregulatory bio-heat model for evaluating the effects of personal characteristics on human body thermal response

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journal contribution
posted on 09.04.2018, 09:28 by Farzin Davoodi, Hassan Hassanzadeh, Seyed A. Zolfaghari, George HavenithGeorge Havenith, Mehdi Maerefat
Personal factors such as weight, height, gender, age, and basal metabolic rate (BMR) all have significant effects on body temperature distribution and thermal sensation. A large number of well-known human body thermoregulatory models are population-based however, and cannot evaluate the impact of individual characteristics on human thermal responses. Further, the standard thermal models of the human body, including Fanger's and Gagge's, are based on the energy balance approach. However, a person's thermal sensation is affected by the thermal response of cutaneous thermoreceptors relative to the environmental thermal conditions, and it is not necessarily related to the energy balance of the human body. Thus, these simplified standard models have some limitations under various individual conditions and are not in conformity with the physiology of individual thermoregulatory mechanisms. This study proposes a new Individualized Thermoregulatory Bio-heat (ITB) model on the basis of Pennes' equation and Gagge's 2-node model to determine heat transfer in living tissue layers. In developing this model, the effects of individual parameters such as age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and BMR on determining the temperature and its derivatives at cutaneous thermoreceptor locations were considered. Afterward, the present model was validated against the published empirical data, simulated standard model results, and analytical results under various environmental conditions and a good agreement was found.



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Building and Environment


DAVOODI, F. ... et al, 2018. A new individualized thermoregulatory bio-heat model for evaluating the effects of personal characteristics on human body thermal response. Building and Environment, 136, pp.62-76.


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AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This paper was published in the journal Building and Environment and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.03.026.