IoT-16231-2021_Proof_hi.pdf (2.9 MB)

A push-based probabilistic method for source location privacy protection in underwater acoustic sensor networks

Download (2.9 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 03.08.2021, 13:06 by Hao Wang, Guangjie Han, Eve ZhangEve Zhang, Ling Xie
As the research topics in ocean emerge, Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks (UASNs) have become ever more relevant. Consequently, challenges arise with the security and privacy of the UASNs. Compared to the active attacks, the characteristics of passive attacks are more difficult to discriminate. Thus, the focus of this study is on the passive attacks in UASNs, where a Push-based Probabilistic method for Source Location Privacy Protection (PP-SLPP) is proposed. The fake packet technology and the multi-path technology are utilized in the PP-SLPP scheme to counter the passive attacks, so as to protect the source location privacy in UASNs. Moreover, the Ekman drift current model is employed to simulate the underwater environment. And the mean shift algorithm and the k-means algorithm are adopted in the dynamic layer and static layer of the Ekman drift current model, respectively, to increase the stability of the clusters. Finally, an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) swarm is implemented to collect data in clusters. Through the comparison with existing data collection schemes in UASNs, the simulation results have demonstrated that the PP-SLPP scheme can achieve a longer safety period, with a minor compromise of energy consumption and delay.


National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 62072072, No. 62072155 and No. 62002099

Open fund of State Key Laboratory of Acoustics under Grant SKLA202102



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

IEEE Internet of Things Journal




AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder


Publisher statement

© 2021 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

Publication date


Copyright date







Dr Eve Zhang. Deposit date: 29 July 2021