Loughborough University
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A review of the state of the art in tools and techniques used to evaluate remanufacturing feasibility

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-03-17, 14:36 authored by Paul GoodallPaul Goodall, Emma L. Rosamond, Jennifer HardingJennifer Harding
Remanufacturing often seems a sensible approach for companies looking to adopt sustainable business plans to achieve long term success. However, remanufacturing must not be treated as a panacea for achieving a sustainable business, as issues such as market demand, product design, end of life condition and information uncertainty can affect the success of a remanufacturing endeavour. Businesses therefore need to carefully assess the feasibility of adopting remanufacturing before committing to a particular activity or strategy. To aid this decision process, a number of tools and techniques have been published by academics. However, there is currently not a formal review and comparison of these tools and how they relate to the decision process. The main research objective of this study has therefore been to identify tools and methods which have been developed within academia to support the decision process of assessing and evaluating the viability of conducting remanufacturing, and evaluate how they have met the requirements of the decision stage. This has been achieved by conducting a content analysis. Three bibliographic databases were searched (Compendex, Web of Science and Scopus) using a structured keyword search to identify relevant literature. The identified tools were then split into 6 categories based upon the specific decision stages and applications, then evaluated against a set of key criteria which are, the decision factors (economic, environmental, social) and the inclusion of uncertainty. The key finding of this study has been that although decision factors are generally well covered, operational tools and the use of uncertainty are often neglected.


This research was partly funded by the European Commission's FP7 project PREMANUS (http://www.premanus.eu/) under grant agreement 285541.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

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1 - 15 (15)


GOODALL, P.A., ROSAMOND, E.L. and HARDING, J.A., 2014. A review of the state of the art in tools and techniques used to evaluate remanufacturing feasibility. Journal of Cleaner Production, 81, pp.1-15.


© Elsevier Ltd.


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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