A revised point-to-point calibration approach with adaptive errors correction to weaken initial sensitivity of cuff-less blood pressure estimation
journal contributionposted on 21.04.2020, 13:41 by Jiang Shao, Ping Shi, Sijung HuSijung Hu, Hongliu Yu
Initial calibration is a great challenge for cuff-less blood pressure (BP) measurement. The traditional one point-to-point (oPTP) calibration procedure only uses one sample/point to obtain unknown parameters of a specific model in a calm state. In fact, parameters such as pulse transit time (PTT) and BP still have slight fluctuations at rest for each subject. The conventional oPTP method had a strong sensitivity in the selection of initial value. Yet, the initial sensitivity of calibration has not been reported and investigated in cuff-less BP motoring. In this study, a mean point-to-point (mPTP) paring calibration method through averaging and balancing calm or peaceful states was proposed for the first time. Thus, based on mPTP, a factor point-to-point (fPTP) paring calibration method through introducing the penalty factor was further proposed to improve and optimize the performance of BP estimation. Using the oPTP, mPTP, and fPTP methods, a total of more than 100,000 heartbeat samples from 21 healthy subjects were tested and validated in the PTT-based BP monitoring technologies. The results showed that the mPTP and fPTP methods significantly improved the performance of estimating BP compared to the conventional oPTP method. Moreover, the mPTP and fPTP methods could be widely popularized and applied, especially the fPTP method, on estimating cuff-less diastolic blood pressure (DBP). To this extent, the fPTP method weakens the initial calibration sensitivity of cuff-less BP estimation and fills in the ambiguity for individualized calibration procedure.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering