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Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage with packed bed thermal energy storage

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journal contribution
posted on 27.02.2019 by Edward Barbour, Dimitri Mignard, Yulong Ding, Yongliang Li
The majority of articles on Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage (A-CAES) so far have focussed on the use of indirect-contact heat exchangers and a thermal fluid in which to store the compression heat. While packed beds have been suggested, a detailed analysis of A-CAES with packed beds is lacking in the available literature. This paper presents such an analysis. We develop a numerical model of an A-CAES system with packed beds and validate it against analytical solutions. Our results suggest that an efficiency in excess of 70% should be achievable, which is higher than many of the previous estimates for A-CAES systems using indirect-contact heat exchangers. We carry out an exergy analysis for a single charge-storage-discharge cycle to see where the main losses are likely to transpire and we find that the main losses occur in the compressors and expanders (accounting for nearly 20% of the work input) rather than in the packed beds. The system is then simulated for continuous cycling and it is found that the build-up of leftover heat from previous cycles in the packed beds results in higher steady state temperature profiles of the packed beds. This leads to a small reduction (<0.5%) in efficiency for continuous operation.

Funding

This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council under the grants EP/K002252/1 (Energy Storage for Low Carbon Grids) and EP/L014211/1 (Next Generation Grid Scale Thermal Energy Storage Technologies).

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Applied Energy

Volume

155

Pages

804 - 815

Citation

BARBOUR, E. ... et al, 2015. Adiabatic Compressed Air Energy Storage with packed bed thermal energy storage. Applied Energy, 155, pp.804-815.

Publisher

Elsevier © The Authors

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Publication date

2015

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

ISSN

0306-2619

Language

en

Licence

Exports