Aerial visual perception in smart farming: field study of wheat yellow rust monitoring
journal contributionposted on 2021-02-18, 09:16 authored by Jinya Su, Dewei Yi, Baofeng Su, Zhiwen Mi, Cunjia LiuCunjia Liu, Xiaoping Hu, Xiangming Xu, Lei Guo, Wen-Hua ChenWen-Hua Chen
Agriculture is facing severe challenges from crop stresses, threatening its sustainable development and food security. This article exploits aerial visual perception for yellow rust disease monitoring, which seamlessly integrates state-of-the-art techniques and algorithms, including unmanned aerial vehicle sensing, multispectral imaging, vegetation segmentation, and deep learning U-Net. A field experiment is designed by infecting winter wheat with yellow rust inoculum, on top of which multispectral aerial images are captured by DJI Matrice 100 equipped with RedEdge camera. After image calibration and stitching, multispectral orthomosaic is labeled for system evaluation by inspecting high-resolution RGB images taken by Parrot Anafi Drone. The merits of the developed framework drawing spectral-spatial information concurrently are demonstrated by showing improved performance over purely spectral-based classifier by the classical random forest algorithm. Moreover, various network input band combinations are tested, including three RGB bands and five selected spectral vegetation indices, by sequential forward selection strategy of wrapper algorithm.
Enabling wide area persistent remote sensing for agriculture applications by developing and coordinating multiple heterogeneous platforms
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- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering