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An analysis of cascade-aerated facultative waste stabilisation ponds in the United Kingdom
journal contributionposted on 05.07.2013, 13:24 by Bernhard Rinnhofer, Michael Smith
This paper examines the performance of cascade-aerated facultative ponds in a waste stabilisation pond (WSP) installation in the United Kingdom. The pond system is privately owned and treats wastewater from a conference centre with a population equivalent between 20 and 40. A snapshot analysis investigates the removal efficiency of BOD, COD, SS, FC and nutrients. Further, the oxygen supply through ‘flow form’ cascades is examined, and the DO concentrations, surface loads and retention times are discussed. The results show a very high removal of BOD, COD and SS; and nutrient removal is satisfactory. An unusual finding is that the FC removal efficiency is almost two log units better than for a common maturation pond. This is possibly attributable to the high cascade flow, where wastewater is exposed to the damaging effects of sunlight (photooxidation).
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering
- Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)