An in‐vitro evaluation of the characteristics of zein‐based films for the release of lactobionic acid and the effects of oleic acid
journal contributionposted on 13.09.2021, 13:33 by Alessandro Coroli, Roberta Romano, Andrea Saccani, Noura Raddadi, Elisa MeleElisa Mele, Leno Mascia
Lactobionic acid (LBA) is widely used in different industrial sectors owing to its biocom-patibility characteristics as well as antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. In this study, mixtures of the protein zein with LBA and with the addition of oleic acid (OA) as a ternary system were investigated as drug delivery films for the release of LBA. The chosen combinations exploit the vast difference in water solubility between LBA and the other two components (zein and OA). DSC ther-mograms and dynamic mechanical spectra, alongside electron microscopy images, were used to describe the microstructural features of the films and were found to provide insights for the release of LBA from the two examined zein‐based films immersed in an aqueous physiological solution. For both film systems, a burst release behavior was observed, followed by a rapid and total extraction of LBA. The required immersion time for the total extraction of LBA was greatly reduced when oleic acid was added to the precursor solution mixture for producing the films. The LBA released from the zein‐based films was found to exhibit both the expected antioxidant properties as well as exerting bacteriostatic effects towards Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis.
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering