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An overview of the test methodology used in current cycling helmet standards and literature

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Cycling helmets play a crucial role in protecting against head injuries, however, their effectiveness in mitigating all types of head injury is limited, particularly traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). This limitation is primarily attributed to the current cycling helmet standards, which inadequately represent real-world impact scenarios. Specifically, they overlook the rotational kinematics resulting from direct oblique impacts and fail to consider the inertial loading of the head during body-first impacts. To address this issue, researchers have proposed or adapted various methodologies to enhance helmet evaluations, however, a widely accepted approach is yet to be established. This paper aims to serve as a comprehensive resource by evaluating the test rigs and impact boundary conditions employed across existing cycling helmet standards and literature. In addition, it highlights key areas of focus for the development of a novel test method and presents the most significant contributions from relevant research studies, as well as future research requirements.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

International Journal of Impact Engineering

Volume

188

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Acceptance date

2024-02-25

Publication date

2024-02-27

Copyright date

2024

ISSN

0734-743X

eISSN

1879-3509

Language

  • en

Depositor

Mr Ben Emsley. Deposit date: 13 May 2024

Article number

104928

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