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Anticalcification potential of heparin on hydroxyapatite seeds using a constant composition in vitro model
journal contributionposted on 01.03.2019, 10:04 authored by Adel Badria, Petros Koutsoukos, Cristian D'Alessandro, Sotiris KorossisSotiris Korossis, Dimosthenis Mavrilas
Calcification is among the principal causes of biological heart valve substitute failure. Glycosaminoglcans (GAGs) are negatively charged molecules, possessing anticoagulation and anti-inflammatory activity that make them a potential solution against calcification. In the present work, the anticalcification potential of heparin was investigated under constant supersaturation conditions with respect to hydroxyapatite (Ca5(PO4)3OH; HAP). Heparin concentration in the supersaturated solutions was in the range between 0.25 and 3 ppm, at pH 7.40 and 37 °C. Heparin showed inhibitory activity, which was attributed to adsorption at the active crystal growth centres. Heparin concentration as low as ca. 50 μM, reduced the rate of HAP crystal growth by more than 80%, while further increase (up to 200 μM) failed to completely inhibit the process beyond 90%. Heparin uptake studies at equilibrium conditions and analysis of the kinetics data in the presence of heparin, strongly suggest that the inhibition is due to the adsorption of heparin onto the HAP crystals, which resulted in the poisoning of the active growth sites.
This research was supported by the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program FP7/ 2007-2013/ under REA grant agreement n° 317512.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering