Loughborough University
Waterlines-D-18-00039_Cavill_clean.pdf (329.83 kB)

Assessing change in access to WASH in Palestinian schools

Download (329.83 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-28, 10:13 authored by Gregor Von Medeazza, Sue Cavill, Julie Fisher
This paper presents the main results from a knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey on water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in government schools in the State of Palestine (SoP). In 2012 a baseline WASH KAP survey was conducted in 411 schools. In 2015–2016 a statistically representative survey was performed; the sample included 381 of the 411 schools originally sampled in 2012. The survey targeted basic and secondary schools in urban and rural areas of all educational directorates in the West Bank and Gaza. The survey was conducted by UNICEF in coordination with the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE). The findings of the 2016 survey show positive changes in the availability of potable water in schools, which also enabled hygiene and sanitation activities to improve. For instance, more schools taught hygiene education to students on a daily basis in 2016 than in 2012. However, the survey revealed that ensuring the participation of parents and students in WASH activities and continuity of supply of soap, toilet paper and sanitary pads remains a challenge. This paper concludes with recommendations to further improve the access to WASH in Palestinian schools.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in



VON MEDEAZZA, G., CAVILL, S. and FISHER, J., 2019. Assessing change in access to WASH in Palestinian schools. Waterlines, 38 (2), pp.123-134.


© Practical Action Publishing


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date


Publication date



© Practical Action Publishing, 2019. The definitive, peer-reviewed and edited version of this article (Version of Scholarly Record) is published in Waterlines, 38, 2, pp.123-134, 2019, https://doi.org/10.3362/1756-3488.18-00039.






  • en