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Assessing the cross-national invariance of formative measures: guidelines for international business researchers
journal contributionposted on 2014-10-07, 13:27 authored by Adamantios Diamantopoulos, Nicolas Papadopoulos
The importance of establishing equivalence in measurement prior to conducting substantive cross-country comparisons has long been emphasized in international business research. However, all approaches currently available for the investigation of measurement equivalence or invariance (ME/I) assume that the focal measures are reflective in nature. In our paper we offer guidelines for the assessment of ME/I when the focal construct is measured with formative indicators. We first identify distinct types of ME/I that are conceptually consistent with the nature of formative measurement models. We then describe a step-by-step procedure that can be employed to test for these types of ME/I in a comparative context. Lastly, we illustrate the application of the proposed procedure with data from a three-country survey on consumers product-country image perceptions. © 2010 Academy of International Business
- Business and Economics
Published inJournal of International Business Studies
Pages360 - 370
CitationDIAMANTOPOULOS, A. and PAPADOPOULOS, N., 2010. Assessing the cross-national invariance of formative measures: guidelines for international business researchers. Journal of International Business Studies, 41 (2), pp.360-370.
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan (© Academy of International Business)
- NA (Not Applicable or Unknown)
Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
NotesThis paper is closed access.