Assessment of the in-situ dielectric constant of bituminous pavement materials
journal contributionposted on 31.07.2008, 16:19 authored by Robert D. Evans, Matthew FrostMatthew Frost, Martyn Stonecliffe-Jones, Neil DixonNeil Dixon
The use of ground penetrating radar (GPR) for pavement investigation has rapidly developed over the past 20 years. The technique involves recording the passage of electromagnetic pulses transmitted into the pavement structure, and GPR has enhanced and improved the range and certainty of information that can be obtained from pavement investigations. Analysis of data can provide information on layer depths, material condition, moisture, voiding, reinforcement and location of other features. The dielectric constant is a material property which affects the speed and reflection amplitude of electromagnetic GPR pulses. Accurate determination or estimation of the dielectric constant is required for accurate analysis of information from GPR, about the pavement materials. Typical pavement materials will have a ‘bulk’ dielectric constant, used in analysis which is the result of both the material constituents (binder, aggregate, etc) and condition (moisture content, amount of voiding, etc). This paper aims to provide a review and assessment of in-situ dielectric constants of bituminous pavement materials, determined from analysis of GPR data. The results of a large number of in-situ pavement investigations, on a range of bituminous materials of varying condition, are reported. Dielectric constants from analysis of GPR investigations are determined and compared to existing data, and the effect of material condition and properties are discussed and assessed. The paper concludes that more accurate values of in-situ dielectric constant could be used instead of bulk values in the analysis of radar data, if assessment of material condition is made when selecting the values used in the analysis.
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering