Sportsspecific_mortality HSE [BJSM].pdf (376.83 kB)
Download file

Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80,306 British adults

Download (376.83 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 28.10.2016, 08:19 authored by Pekka Oja, Paul Kelly, Zeljko Pedisic, Sylvia Titze, Adrian Bauman, Charlie E. Foster, Mark Hamer, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emmanuel Stamatakis
Background/Aim Evidence for the long-term health effects of specific sport disciplines is scarce. Therefore, we examined the associations of six different types of sport/exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in a large pooled Scottish and English population-based cohort. Methods Cox proportional hazards regression was used to investigate the associations between each exposure and all-cause and CVD mortality with adjustment for potential confounders in 80,306 individuals (54% women; mean±SD age: 52±14 years). Results Significant reductions in all-cause mortality were observed for participation in cycling (HR=0.85, 95% CI: 0.76-0.95), swimming (HR=0.72, 95% CI: 0.65-0.80), racquet sports (HR=0.53, 95% CI: 0.40-0.69) and aerobics (HR=0.73, 95% CI: 0.63-0.85). No significant associations were found for participation in football and running. A significant reduction in CVD mortality was observed for participation in swimming (HR=0.59, 95% CI: 0.46-0.75), racquet sports (HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.24- 0.83) and aerobics (HR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.45-0.92), but there were no significant associations for cycling, running and football. Variable dose-response patterns between the exposure and the outcomes were found across the sport disciplines. Conclusions These findings demonstrate that participation in specific sports may have significant benefits for public health. Future research should aim to further strengthen the sport-specific epidemiological evidence base and understanding of how to promote greater sports participation.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

British Journal of Sports Medicine

Volume

51

Issue

10

Pages

812 - 817

Citation

OJA, P. ... et al, 2016. Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80,306 British adults. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51 (10), pp. 812-817.

Publisher

BMJ Publishing Group /© The Authors

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

11/10/2016

Publication date

2016-11-28

Notes

This article has been accepted for publication in the British Journal of Sports Medicine following peer review. The definitive copyedited, typeset version, OJA, P. ... et al, 2016. Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80,306 British adults. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51 (10), pp. 812-817, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096822

ISSN

0306-3674

eISSN

1473-0480

Language

en