Loughborough University
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Attitudes toward sport psychology consulting in athletes: Understanding the role of culture and personality

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-09-26, 13:23 authored by Nathanael C. H. Ong, Chris Harwood
© 2017 APA, all rights reserved). The purpose of this study was to investigate how an athlete's Eastern-Western cultural affiliation and personality are related to their perception of sport psychology and attitude toward consultation with a sport psychology practitioner. Two hundred and nineteen athletes from Western and Eastern cultures completed the Sport Psychology Attitudes-Revised form (SPA-R; Martin et al., 2002) and the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa & McCrae, 1992). Multivariate analysis of covariance revealed that Western athletes had lesser stigma toward sport psychology consulting, greater personal openness, and lesser preference for a consultant of the same race or culture than Eastern athletes. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that lower openness and conscientiousness predicted greater stigma toward sport psychology consulting; higher neuroticism, conscientiousness, and openness predicted greater confidence in sport psychology consulting; and lower openness predicted greater preference for working with a sport psychology consultant of the same race or culture. These findings may prove valuable to applied sport psychology practitioners, and aim to help them better understand the athletes and athletic population to whom they offer their services. (PsycINFO Database Record



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology


ONG, N.C.H. and HARWOOD, C.G., 2017. Attitudes toward sport psychology consulting in athletes: Understanding the role of culture and personality. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 7(1), pp. 46-59.


© American Psychological Association (APA)


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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©American Psychological Association, 2017 This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/spy0000103






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