Veeneman et al Transport Governanace RETREC 2015.pdf (236.4 kB)
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Austerity in public transport in Europe: the influence of governance

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-01-19, 15:58 authored by Wijnand Veeneman, Katrin Augustin, Marcus EnochMarcus Enoch, Bruno Faivre d'Arcier, Silvia Malpezzi, Niek Wijmenga
The financial crisis has put pressure on government budgets across Europe. The expectation is that this also has affected public transport budgets in metropolitan areas. This article looks at five cases of metropolitan public transport to see to what extent this is the case. Multi-level governance and fiscal federalism explain the rather surprising outcome. This article is aimed to be a first step into a better understanding of the effect of governance in public transport in a broad sense. It develops the understanding of how the organizational context influences those funding decisions and the related outcome in terms of public transport services provided and passengers transported. The article shows that the effect of budget pressure was varied over the five cases depending on governance in those cases and overall can be characterized as limited. Funding and supply generally kept growing, despite the pressure put on budgets by the financial crisis.



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Published in

Research in Transportation Economics




31 - 39


VEENEMAN, W. al., 2015. Austerity in public transport in Europe: the influence of governance. Research in Transportation Economics, 51, pp. 31-39.


© Elsevier


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

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This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Research in Transportation Economics and the definitive published version is available at