Blockchain at the edge: Performance of resource-constrained IoT networks
journal contributionposted on 2020-08-04, 11:01 authored by Sudip Misra, Anandarup Mukherjee, Arijit Roy, Nishant Saurabh, Yogachandran RahulamathavanYogachandran Rahulamathavan, Muttukrishnan Rajarajan
The proliferation of IoT in various technological realms has resulted in the massive spurt of unsecured data. The use of complex security mechanisms for securing these data is highly restricted owing to the low-power and low-resource nature of most of the IoT devices, especially at the Edge. In this work, we propose to use blockchains for extending security to such IoT implementations. We deploy a Ethereum blockchain consisting of both regular and constrained devices connecting to the blockchain through wired and wireless heterogeneous networks. We additionally implement a secure and encrypted networked clock mechanism to synchronize the non-real-time IoT Edge nodes within the blockchain. Further, we experimentally study the feasibility of such a deployment and the bottlenecks associated with it by running necessary cryptographic operations for blockchains in IoT devices. We study the effects of network latency, increase in constrained blockchain nodes, data size, Ether, and blockchain node mobility during transaction and mining of data within our deployed blockchain. This study serves as a guideline for designing secured solutions for IoT implementations under various operating conditions such as those encountered for static IoT nodes and mobile IoT devices.
University Grants Commission (UGC)-UK India Education Research Initiative (UKIERI) Joint Research Programme (UKIERI-III) under project file No. 184-17/2017(IC)
- Loughborough University London