Characterisation of high 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol content stearins produced by acidolysis of high oleic sunflower oil with stearic and palmitic acids
journal contributionposted on 29.10.2014, 15:17 by Joydeep Ray, Kevin W. Smith, Krishnadath Bhaggan, Zoltan Nagy, Andy Stapley
Nine different stearin fractions with 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol (StOSt) contents ranging from 69–84% were obtained via fractionation from fats produced by acidolysis of high oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) with various mixtures of stearic (either 95 or 98% pure) and palmitic acids (98% pure). Samples were further treated with silica to reduce the oxidised glyceride and DAG content. Isothermal crystallisation at 20°C showed a single main peak, but evidence of crystallisation during the initial DSC transient was also apparent for high StOSt content samples. This was confirmed as the α form by stop-and-return DSC and XRD. The main crystallisation event was generally faster (including a shorter induction time) for samples with higher StOSt levels (lower POSt levels). Silica treatment generally accelerated transformations to higher polymorphs (γ, β′ and β). Raman microscopy experiments showed that crystallisation of the β-form was achieved after 7 days storage at 20°C but only in the silica treated stearin samples. This is consistent with higher solid fat content (SFC) values that were obtained with silica treated samples, which also increased with higher levels of StOSt. The results suggest that such stearins could potentially replace shea stearin in cocoa butter equivalents (CBE) formulations.
This research was sponsored by IOI Loders Croklaan Europe and Loughborough University, UK. Thanks are extended to Mr. Nick J. Spencer at the University of Reading for the XRD analyses and to Mr. Jun Ma at Loders Croklaan for the Solid Fat Content and DAG content analyses. The authors would also like to acknowledge the European Research Council (Grant number 280106-CrySys) for funding the Thermo Scientific DXR Raman Microscope.
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