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Combustion in a heavy-duty direct-injection engine using hydrogen–methane blend fuels

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2009, 14:29 authored by G.P. McTaggart-Cowan, S.N. Rogak, S.R. Munshi, P.G. Hill, W.K. Bushe
Adding hydrogen to the fuel in a direct injection natural gas engine offers the potential significantly to reduce local and global air pollutant emissions. This work reports on the effects of fuelling a heavy-duty engine with late-cycle direct injection of blended hydrogen– methane fuels and diesel pilot ignition over a range of engine operating conditions. The effect of hydrogen on the combustion event varies with operating condition, providing insight into the fundamental factors limiting the combustion process. Combustion stability is enhanced at all conditions studied; this leads directly to a significant reduction in emissions of combustion byproducts, including carbon monoxide, particulate matter, and unburned fuel. Carbon dioxide emissions are also significantly reduced by the lower carbon–energy ratio of the fuel. The results suggest that this technique can significantly reduce both local and global pollutant emissions associated with heavy-duty transport applications while requiring minimal changes to the fuelling system.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering


McTAGGART-COWAN, G.P. ... et al, 2009. Combustion in a heavy-duty direct-injection engine using hydrogen–methane blend fuels. International Journal of Engine Research, 10 (1), pp. 1-13


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This article was published in the Journal, International Journal of Engine Research [© IMECHE]. The definitive version is available at: