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Comparison of a set of cognitive ability screening test for primary school-aged children in Indonesia

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posted on 01.02.2021, 10:30 by Meitha Togas, Hartono Gunardi, Rini Sekartini, Sri Redatin Retno Pudjiati, Eef HogervorstEef Hogervorst
BACKGROUND Monitoring children’s intellectual development is important to align their educational needs. This study compared nonverbal intelligence subtest of the cognitive test battery for individuals with or without intellectual disability (CIID) to measure visual logical reasoning, verbal intelligence subtest (verbal fluency [VF]-animal test) to assess vocabulary and semantic memory, and the modified Indonesian version of Hopkins verbal learning test (IHVLT) to assess learning ability and episodic memory, against the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC) as an alternative cognitive screening tool in school-aged children. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in 145 grade 1-6 elementary school students in Jakarta between March and May 2017. Performance on the CIID subtest, VF, and modified IHVLT was assessed by a pediatrician, and the WISC test was performed by a psychologist. The associations between variables were evaluated using nonparametric Spearman’s rank correlations, regressions, and box plots. RESULTS The correlation between total intelligence quotient (IQ) WISC and CIID was 0.42 (p<0.001) and 0.34 (p<0.001) for both IHVLT and VF. Box plots suggested possible discriminative capacity of CIID but insufficient specificity. However, CIID was associated with stunting (height) and health (weight) independent of age, sex, father’s education, or income. CONCLUSIONS The CIID subtest series, VF, and modified IHVLT correlated with total IQ WISC. However, CIID may be better to test predictors of poor cognitive performance in primary school-aged children than an IQ screening test.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Medical Journal of Indonesia

Volume

29

Issue

4

Pages

392 - 398

Publisher

Fakultas Kedokteran, University of Indonesia, Faculty of Medicine

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Fakultas Kedokteran, University of Indonesia, Faculty of Medicine under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Licence (CC BY-NC 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Acceptance date

10/09/2020

Publication date

2020-12-30

Copyright date

2020

ISSN

0853-1773

eISSN

2252-8083

Language

en

Depositor

Prof Eef Hogervorst. Deposit date: 30 January 2021