Loughborough University
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Conduction mechanisms in anisotropic conducting adhesive assembly

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journal contribution
posted on 2008-10-22, 12:20 authored by Chucks N. Oguibe, Samjid H. Mannan, David Whalley, David Williams
This paper explores both experimentally and through analytical and computational models, the mechanisms of conduction in flip-chip interconnections made using anisotropic conducting adhesives. A large number of assemblies have been constructed with geometries in the range of 200–500 m, and wide variations in their joint resistance were observed to occur both within the same assembly and between assemblies under the same experimental conditions. In order to attempt to explain the origin of these unsatisfactory connections, a series of experiments to measure the linearity of the contact resistance of both high and low resistance joints was made. The results from these measurements show that the large number of low resistance joints are ohmic, while most of the joints of relatively high resistance show resistive heating. In addition to the linearity measurements, computational models of metallic conduction in solid and polymer cored particles have been constructed to help understand the mechanism of conduction. These models, which are based on the finite element (FE) method, represent typical conductor particles trapped between appropriate substrate and component metallization. The results from the models show that the contact area required to explain the high resistances is small and that the likelihood of obtaining a high resistance through such a small area of metal-to-metal contact is small, thus, giving a strong indication of the presence of high resistivity films at the contact surfaces of the joints.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering


OGIUBE, C. N. ...et al, 1998. Conduction mechanisms in anisotropic conducting adhesive assembly. IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology - Part A, 21 (2), pp. 235-242


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This is a journal article. It was published in the journal IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology - Part A[© IEEE], and is available at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=705469&isnumber=15246. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.




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