Loughborough University
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Controlled failure warning and mitigation of prematurely failing beam through adhesive

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-01-06, 12:27 authored by Mohammad Arsalan Khan, Vadim SilberschmidtVadim Silberschmidt, Jamal El-RimawiJamal El-Rimawi
In plated beam, an adhesive is used primarily to adhere the external plate to the concrete beam to achieve a composite action. Even though some work has been found to indicate that the choice of softer adhesive increased the capacity of beam (MacDonald & Calder, 1982), relatively stiffer adhesives have been largely assumed to provide better strengthening. Largely, due to the fact that adhesive has been widely considered as an insignificant structural component towards the capacity of a composite beam; material capabilities (if not structural) of adhesive have also been ignored for further research towards studying its effects on premature failures (particularly debonding). Under mixed-mode loading, the adoption through discretisation of Cohesive Zone Model as a bulk material (indicative of adhesive component) and to simulate interfacial cracks is shown here to achieve the objectives. The outcomes of the research indicate the critical material properties of adhesive in all directions, such as stiffness, strength and crack energy, play crucial role in controlling the behaviour of modes of failure. Further, based on this study, recommendations have been proposed on the choice of adhesive type at different locations of plated beam so as to capture a failure warning and avoid catastrophic failure.


The present work is part of corresponding author’s Ph.D. thesis, funded by the School of Civil and Building Engineering [Loughborough University].



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Composite Structures




119 - 131


KHAN, M., SILBERSCHMIDT, V. and EL-RIMAWI, J., 2017. Controlled failure warning and mitigation of prematurely failing beam through adhesive. Composite Structures, 161, pp.119-131.


© Elsevier Ltd.


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Composite Structures and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2016.11.049.




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