safety-04-00001.pdf (2.2 MB)
Download file

Correct use of three-point seatbelt by pregnant occupants

Download (2.2 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 07.12.2020, 09:14 by Serpil Acar, Alix Edwards, Mostafa Aldah
The largest cause of accidental death and placental abruption in pregnancy is automobile collisions. Lives can be saved by correct use of the three-point seatbelt during pregnancy. Human interaction is essential for correct use of seatbelts. The objective of this study is to investigate pregnant women’s use of correct shoulder section together with correct lap section as advised by obstetricians and highway experts and to identify the most common seatbelt misuse during pregnancy. An international web survey was conducted in five languages for this study. 1931 pregnant women reported their use of seatbelts and how they position the shoulder and lap sections of their seatbelts. Special attention was paid to distinguish between ‘partly correct’ and ‘correct’ seatbelt positioning. The questionnaire responses are used to determine the magnitude of every combination of the correct and incorrect shoulder and lap section of the seatbelt positioning during pregnancy. Results show that seatbelt usage in pregnancy is generally high in the world. However, the correct use of the entire seatbelt is very low, at only 4.3% of all respondents. 40.8% of the respondents use the shoulder portion of the belt correctly, whilst a 13.2% use the lap section correctly. The most common misuse is ‘across abdomen’ or ‘not using the seatbelt at all’, and both pose danger to pregnant women and their fetuses. Correct use of three point seatbelts is a challenge during pregnancy. We recommend that the media, medical community, and automotive industry provide targeted information about correct seatbelt use during pregnancy and accident databases include ‘correct seatbelt use’ information in crash statistics.

Funding

The “Safety Seatbelt System for the Protection of Pregnant Car Occupants and their Fetuses” project is funded by the EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK).

History

School

  • Design and Creative Arts

Department

  • Design

Published in

Safety

Volume

4

Issue

1

Publisher

MDPI

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

18/12/2017

Publication date

2017-12-25

Copyright date

2017

ISSN

2313-576X

eISSN

2313-576X

Language

en

Depositor

Prof Serpil Acar. Deposit date: 7 December 2020

Article number

1

Usage metrics

Read the paper on the publisher website

Categories

Licence

Exports