Cost estimation for remanufacture with limited and uncertain information using case based reasoning.pdf (1.2 MB)
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Cost estimation for remanufacture with limited and uncertain information using case based reasoning

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Assessing products prior to remanufacture is an important part of the remanufacturing process, ensuring that unsuitable cores are removed at an early stage to avoid unnecessary processing. In particular, understanding the economic cost of remanufacturing a product can be an important aspect of the assessment, especially for businesses operating in low volumes and on high value products, where the risk associated with unexpected costs or failure to complete remanufacture are much greater. Estimating these costs can however be difficult, as important information required to make a prediction is often uncertain, such as the product design, its condition and also the understanding of the resource requirements for remanufacture. Within this research a method has been developed to estimate the economic cost and risks of conducting a remanufacturing activity to a product when information is uncertain. Summation of the individual activities can then be conducted to determine the economic cost and risks of the entire remanufacturing process. The method utilises a combination of case based reasoning and probability theory to identify similarities between historical data records and the product under assessment, to predict the cost and risks of remanufacture. In particular this method enables cost estimation when important product information is missing including the manufacturer, model or condition. Additionally estimates can be made when exact historical information is not present, which can be useful to business remanufacturing bespoke or rare products. The method is then implemented within a service oriented architecture and functionally demonstrated using an example of an independent wind turbine gearbox remanufacturer.


The PREMANUS project (grant agreement number 285541) is co-funded (alongside the project consortium members) by the European Union under the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) theme of the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) for research, technological development, and demonstration.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Journal of Remanufacturing






GOODALL, P. ... et al., 2015. Cost estimation for remanufacture with limited and uncertain information using case based reasoning. Journal of Remanufacturing, 5:7.


Springer International Publishing Ltd © the authors


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© 2015 Goodall et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.