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Creating sustainable value through remanufacturing: Three industry cases

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-14, 10:57 authored by Jonas P. Jensen, Sharon PrendevilleSharon Prendeville, Nancy Bocken, David Peck
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Remanufacturing is proposed as a strategy to develop circular business models to manage resource loops in the future circular economy (CE). If remanufacturing is to occupy a central role in the CE it needs to be considered from a series of complementary and synchronous business activities. Thus, the aim of this article is to investigate how such an integrated perspective can drive sustainable value creation within the context of remanufacturing business models. This is explored through three business cases: Philips Healthcare Refurbished Systems, Siemens Wind Power, and Orangebox. This ‘integrated view’ considers remanufacturing activities according to: product design and development; remanufacturing processes; value chain design and management; and marketing and consumer/user relationship. The research question asks, ‘Can an integrated perspective drive sustainable value creation in remanufacturing contexts?’ To answer this, the research maps a set of triple-bottom-line indicators across the chosen cases. The work contributes to the field by mapping a set of business mechanisms (e.g. warranties, service approaches, partnerships) that can be utilised to co-develop necessary activities in unison for a successful remanufacturing approach. In certain cases, remanufacturing has the potential to add to the triple-bottom-line through such an integrated approach. However, each of the firms are investing in remanufacturing predominantly for profitability and market protection measures and therefore environmental and social components of the triple-bottom-line must be proactively considered.


This research is supported by the European Remanufacturing Network (ERN) funded by the European Union under the H2020 Framework Programme. Grant agreement number 645984 and by the European Union EIT Raw Materials KIC programme, projects RUN and ReUK (both on remanufacturing), 2016-17, project numbers 15023 and 15078.



  • Loughborough University London

Published in

Journal of Cleaner Production




304 - 314


JENSEN, J.P. ... et al., 2019. Creating sustainable value through remanufacturing: Three industry cases. Journal of Cleaner Production, 218, pp. 304 - 314.


© Elsevier


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Cleaner Production and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.301.

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