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Cross-cultural adaptation of the Turkish and Kuwaiti teacher–student relationship questionnaire in physical education (TSRQ-PE teacher version): testing for measurement invariance

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journal contribution
posted on 29.06.2021, 12:34 by Elif Nilay Ada, Hasan Ahmad, N. Bilge Uzun, Sophia Jowett, Zişan Kazak
Background: Within the 3Cs (closeness, commitment, and complementarity) theoretical framework of the quality of two-person relationships, a coach–athlete relationship quality questionnaire (CART-Q) was developed and validated to assess the nature of the coach–athlete relationship. In this study, a modified version of the CART-Q for physical education (PE) was adapted to assess the teacher–student relationship quality in the PE context in Turkey and Kuwait. The purpose of this study was to examine the factorial validity of the teacher–student relationship quality questionnaire (TSRQ-PE) within a sample of Turkish and Kuwaiti physical education teachers. Methods: Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) was used to test the measurement of cultural invariance between these two groups. A total of 175 teachers from Turkey (n = 73) and Kuwait (n = 102) completed the TPRQ-PE. Results: MGCFA supported the factorial validity of the TPRQ-PE in a three first-order factor model across the two countries. Overall, these results add evidence to the psychometric properties of the TPRQ-PE and suggest that this instrument can be applied to measure the quality of the teacher–student relationship within Turkey and Kuwait, although caution may be required when applied to drawing comparisons between these two counties. Conclusions: The results of the present study could help physical educators and researchers in this field to understand the reasons and methods that lead to a quality teacher–student relationship.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Sustainability

Volume

13

Issue

3

Publisher

MDPI

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

24/01/2021

Publication date

2021-01-29

Copyright date

2021

eISSN

2071-1050

Language

en

Depositor

Deposit date: 29 June 2021

Article number

1387