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Deception as a bridging concept in the study of disinformation, misinformation, and misperceptions: Toward a holistic framework

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journal contribution
posted on 21.12.2021, 10:51 by Andrew ChadwickAndrew Chadwick, James StanyerJames Stanyer
We propose deception as a bridging concept that will enhance the study of misinformation, disinformation, and misperceptions. As we set it out here, the concept integrates insights from multiple social science disciplines and uniquely connects actors’ intentions, information, and attitudinal or behavioral outcomes. A focus on deception will enrich research that describes the existence of false and misleading information but stops short of identifying their influence. Equally, through its focus on how actors’ deceptive strategies are important in attempts to exercise power, it can augment the study of the cognitive and attitudinal biases that render people susceptible to misperceptions. We identify the main themes in the study of deception: media-systemic distortions in information supply; the relational interactions that both produce and activate cognitive biases; and the attributes, strategies, and techniques of deceptive entities. We conclude with a summary typology of ten principal variables and their 57 focal indicators. Keywords: deception, misperceptions, misinformation, disinformation, media, power

History

School

  • Social Sciences and Humanities

Department

  • Communication and Media

Published in

Communication Theory

Volume

32

Issue

1

Pages

1-24

Publisher

Oxford University Press on behalf of International Communication Association

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Author(s) 2021

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by OUP under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

17/09/2021

Publication date

2021-10-20

Copyright date

2022

ISSN

1050-3293

eISSN

1468-2885

Language

en

Depositor

Prof Andrew Chadwick. Deposit date: 20 September 2021