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Denazification and integration in the Austrian Province of Carinthia

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journal contribution
posted on 09.11.2007, 12:59 by Robert Knight
Denazification—whether defined narrowly as a political purge or more broadly as an attempt to change the values of post-Nazi society—has not enjoyed a good press. In the case of Austria, as in the two German “successor societies” of the Third Reich, criticism has divided roughly into a conservative and a “left-liberal” position. The former has weighed denazification in the balance against Western legal principles (notably the prohibition of “retroactivity” and collective punishment) and found it wanting. Dieter Stiefel’s 1981 study (still the only monograph on Austrian denazification) is clearly in this tradition, though its juridical concerns are overlaid by two further considerations, sovereignty and the rationality of integration. Taken together, these three factors make denazification appear to Stiefel not merely as a legally dubious project but also as an unwarranted and often inept Allied interference in Austrian society. It sought to deny the inevitable reintegration of the mass of Nazi Party members (in Austria amounting to nearly seven hundred thousand people) but could only delay it.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Politics and International Studies

Citation

Knight, R., 2007. Denazification and integration in the Austrian Province of Carinthia. The Journal of Modern History, 79 (3), pp. 572–612

Publisher

© The University of Chicago Press

Publication date

2007

Notes

This article was published in the journal, The Journal of Modern History [© The University of Chicago Press] and the definitive version is available at: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JMH/home.html

ISSN

0022-2801

Language

en

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