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Design of human surrogates for the study of biomechanical injury: a review

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journal contribution
posted on 18.03.2013, 13:59 by Tom Payne, Sean MitchellSean Mitchell, Richard BibbRichard Bibb
Human surrogates are representations of living human structures employed to replicate “real-life” injurious scenarios in artificial environments. They are used primarily to evaluate personal protective equipment (PPE) or integrated safety systems (e.g., seat belts) in a wide range of industry sectors (e.g., automotive, military, security service, and sports equipment). Surrogates are commonly considered in five major categories relative to their form and functionality: human volunteers, postmortem human surrogates, animal surrogates, anthropomorphic test devices, and computational models. Each surrogate has its relative merits. Surrogates have been extensively employed in scenarios concerning “life-threatening” impacts (e.g., penetrating bullets or automotive accidents). However, more frequently occurring nonlethal injuries (e.g., fractures, tears, lacerations, contusions) often result in full or partial debilitation in contexts where optimal human performance is crucial (e.g., military, sports). Detailed study of these injuries requires human surrogates with superior biofidelity to those currently available if PPE designs are to improve. The opportunities afforded by new technologies, materials, instrumentation, and processing capabilities should be exploited to develop a new generation of more sophisticated human surrogates. This paper presents a review of the current state of the art in human surrogate construction, highlighting weaknesses and opportunities, to promote research into improved surrogates for PPE development.

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering

Volume

41

Issue

1

Pages

51-89

Citation

PAYNE, T.M., MITCHELL, S.R. and BIBB, R., 2013. Design of human surrogates for the study of biomechanical injury: a review. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 41 (1), pp.51-89.

Publisher

Begell House, Inc.

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Begell House, Inc.

Publication date

2013-03-01

ISSN

0278-940X

eISSN

1943-619X

Language

en