Loughborough University
warm166-114.pdf (242.2 kB)

Design waste mapping: a project life cycle approach

Download (242.2 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2013-10-17, 13:41 authored by Mohamed OsmaniMohamed Osmani
An ever-increasing amount of global research on construction waste has been conducted over the past two decades, ranging from ‘soft’ mapping and management, reduction tools and methodologies to ‘hard’ material and recycling technologies. However, the current state of research is largely dominated by endeavours to manage waste that has already been produced. Hence, there is a need for a shift from ‘end-of pipe’ solutions that focus on on-site waste management to a source-based approach that is aimed at ‘life cycle’ analysis. This research engaged a sample population from the major UK architectural and contracting firms through 24 interviews to investigate the underlying origins, causes and sources of waste across all project life cycle stages. Respondents reported that designing out waste has never been the most glamorous end of sustainable design. Moreover, the results reveal that waste generation is affected by a wide practice of not embedding waste reduction in briefing and contractual documents, no baseline setting, and lack of designers’ understanding of design waste origins, causes and sources. This is hindered by limited know-how and incoherent coordination and communication between project members and impeded by time constraints and disjointed design information. Collectively, these impediments disallow the consideration, engagement and implementation of designing out waste.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering


OSMANI, M., 2013. Design waste mapping: a project life cycle approach. Proceedings of the ICE-Waste and Resource Management, 166 (3), pp. 114 - 127.


© Institution of Civil Engineers


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Publication date



This article was published in the journal Proceedings of the ICE: Waste and Resource Management [© Institution of Civil Engineers].




  • en