Designing the next generation of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells
journal contributionposted on 2021-08-04, 13:20 authored by Kui Jiao, Jin Xuan, Qing Du, Zhiming Bao, Biao Xie, Bowen Wang, Yan Zhao, Linhao Fan, Huizhi Wang, Zhongjun Hou, Sen Huo, Nigel P Brandon, Yan Yin, Michael D Guiver
With the rapid growth and development of proton-exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, there has been increasing demand for clean and sustainable global energy applications. Of the many device-level and infrastructure challenges that need to be overcome before wide commercialization can be realized, one of the most critical ones is increasing the PEMFC power density, and ambitious goals have been proposed globally. For example, the short- and long-term power density goals of Japan's New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization are 6 kilowatts per litre by 2030 and 9 kilowatts per litre by 2040, respectively. To this end, here we propose technical development directions for next-generation high-power-density PEMFCs. We present the latest ideas for improvements in the membrane electrode assembly and its components with regard to water and thermal management and materials. These concepts are expected to be implemented in next-generation PEMFCs to achieve high power density.
China-UK International Cooperation and Exchange Project (Newton Advanced Fellowship)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 51861130359)
UK Royal Society (grant number NAF\R1\180146)
UK EPSRC (grant number EP/S000933/1)
Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (China) for Distinguished Young Scholars (grant number 18JCJQJC46700)
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
Pages361 - 369
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© The Authors
Publisher statementThis paper was accepted for publication in the journal Nature and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03482-7.