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Development and validation of the characteristics of resilience in sports teams inventory

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posted on 13.03.2018, 09:25 by Steven Decroos, Robin L. J. Lines, Paul B.C. Morgan, David FletcherDavid Fletcher, Mustafa Sarkar, Katrien Fransen, Filip Boen, Gert Vande Broek
© 2017 American Psychological Association. This multistudy paper reports the development and initial validation of an inventory for the Characteristics of Resilience in Sports Teams (CREST). In 4 related studies, 1,225 athletes from Belgium and the United Kingdom were sampled. The first study provided content validity for an initial item set. The second study explored the factor structure of the CREST, yielding initial evidence but no conclusive results. In contrast, the third and fourth study provided evidence for a 2-factor measure, reflecting (a) the team's ability to display resilient characteristics and (b) the vulnerabilities being displayed under pressure. Overall, the CREST was shown to be reliable at the between-players and the between-teams level, as well as over time. Moreover, its concurrent validity was verified by linking the characteristics of team resilience with various relevant team processes. Its discriminant validity was established by comparing the CREST measures with individual athletes' resilient traits. In conclusion, the CREST was argued to be a usable state-like measure of team-level resilient characteristics and vulnerabilities. To gain further understanding of team resilience as a process, this measurement could be used in future process-oriented research examining adverse events and sports team's pre- and postadversity functioning.


This research was funded by the Flemish Government (Department of Culture, Youth, Sport, and Media) as part of the “M-Factor” project, i.e. an experimental project on motivational coaching in youth sports.



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology






158 - 178


DECROOS, S. al., 2017. Development and validation of the characteristics of resilience in sports teams inventory. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 6(2), pp. 158-178.


© American Psychological Association (APA)


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: