Development of an ultra-miniaturized inertial measurement unit for jaw movement analysis during free chewing
journal contributionposted on 21.05.2015, 10:22 by Zhuohua Lin, Massimiliano Zecca, Salvatore Sessa, Hiroyuki Ishii, Atsuo Takanishi
Problem statement: Jaw movement analysis, as a clinical aid, can provide an objective basis for understanding and diagnosing jaw musculoskeletal disorders. Therefore, the use and development of devices for quantitatively measuring and analyzing jaw movement have become more common and popular in the clinic. Many types of jaw tracking devices have been developed, but most of them are still not handy and easy to be used. Approach: To improve the handiness and utility of the jaw movement analysis devices, we developed a simple to be used jaw tracking prototype by using a new ultra-miniaturized Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) named WB-3. The WB-3 IMU was composed by 3-axis gyroscope, 3-axis accelerometer and 3-aixs magnetometer, which can not only measure the acceleration and angular speed of jaw movement, but also can measure mouth opening angle. The IMU's extremely reduced weight and size allowed it to be easily adhered to mandible during normal tests without physical restriction to the subjects. A preliminary experiment for jaw movement analysis during free chewing of three types of food with different shapes and hardness was evaluated. A group of 15 healthy subjects aged from 21-36 years old kindly participated in the experiment. Results: The parameters of chewing time, chewing frequency, power spectrum density of jaw's angular speed and acceleration, cumulative distribution function of jaw's acceleration and mouth opening angle were presented. The experimental results clearly showed that the subjects used less chewing time, less chewing frequency, less acceleration cumulative distribution and energy to eat soft food; higher values were found in the case of hard food and there was no significant difference in mouth opening angle while eating these three foods. Conclusion: Our jaw movement analysis prototype using IMU WB-3 was proved to be a valid and handy method for jaw movement and pattern analysis which may be used clinically as an assistant system for dental therapy. © 2010 Science Publications.
This research has been supported by the G-COE Global Robot Academia Program in Waseda University, Japan and by the Advancement of University Education Project of Chinese government Grant (2007)-3020. This research has been also partially supported by a Grant by STMicroelectronics, which also provided the core sensors and microcontroller. This research has been conducted at Humanoid Robotics Institute, in collaboration with the G-COE Global Robot Academia and S-COE ASMeW in Waseda University; partial support was also provided by the ASMeW Priority Research C Grant 11, by the JSPS Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research 19700389 and by Waseda University Grant for Special Research Projects (No. 266740).
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering